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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Madagascar

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Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA is now in his second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Having discarded past socialist economic policies, madagascar has since the mid 1990s followed a world bank- and imf-led policy of privatization and liberalization. this strategy placed the country on a slow and steady growth path from an extremely low level. agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of gdp and employing 80% of the population. exports of apparel have boomed in recent years primarily due to duty-free access to the us. deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, are serious concerns. president ravalomanana has worked aggressively to revive the economy following the 2002 political crisis, which triggered a 12% drop in gdp that year. poverty reduction and combating corruption will be the centerpieces of economic policy for the next few years.

Environmental Issues

Soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several endangered species of flora and fauna unique to the island

Government Type



20,042,552 (july 2008 est.)


Southern africa, island in the indian ocean, east of mozambique


Total: 587,040 sq km land: 581,540 sq km water: 5,500 sq km

Slightly less than twice the size of arizona

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of madagascar conventional short form: madagascar local long form: republique de madagascar/repoblikan'i madagasikara local short form: madagascar/madagasikara former: malagasy republic


Name: antananarivo geographic coordinates: 18 55 s, 47 31 e time difference: utc+3 (8 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18-25 years of age for male-only compulsory military service; 18-month conscript service obligation (either military or equivalent civil service); 20-30 years of age for national gendarmerie recruits (35 years of age for those with military experience) (2008)

International Disputes

Claims bassas da india, europa island, glorioso islands, and juan de nova island (all administered by france)

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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