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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Cameroon

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The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite a slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Because of its modest oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-saharan africa. still, it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries, such as a top-heavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. since 1990, the government has embarked on various imf and world bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. in june 2000, the government completed an imf-sponsored, three-year structural adjustment program; however, the imf is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency, privatization, and poverty reduction programs. in january 2001, the paris club agreed to reduce cameroon's debt of $1.3 billion by $900 million; debt relief now totals $1.26 billion. international oil and cocoa prices have a significant impact on the economy.

Environmental Issues

Waterborne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

Government Type

Republic; multiparty presidential regime


18,467,692 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)


Western africa, bordering the bight of biafra, between equatorial guinea and nigeria


Total: 475,440 sq km land: 469,440 sq km water: 6,000 sq km

Slightly larger than california

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of cameroon conventional short form: cameroon local long form: republique du cameroun/republic of cameroon local short form: cameroun/cameroon former: french cameroon, british cameroon, federal republic of cameroon, united republic of cameroon


Name: yaounde geographic coordinates: 3 52 n, 11 31 e time difference: utc+1 (6 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; the government makes periodic calls for volunteers (2006)

International Disputes

Joint border commission with nigeria reviewed 2002 icj ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including june 2006 greentree agreement that immediately ceded sovereignty of the bakassi peninsula to cameroon with a full phase-out of nigerian control and patriation of residents in 2008; cameroon and nigeria agree on maritime delimitation in march 2008; sovereignty dispute between equatorial guinea and cameroon over an island at the mouth of the ntem river; only nigeria and cameroon have heeded the lake chad commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty, which also includes the chad-niger and niger-nigeria boundaries

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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